In Rajasthan, where the roads between cities run through the hot desert, a house seems to be an oasis isolated from the environment with its scorching sun and frequent hurricanes, raising columns of dust. Rajasthan has always had a lack of water and land suitable for farming and development. Such conditions forced the local population to save scarce land and protect it from the disasters by building multi-storey compact block constructions in the cities, in which the courtyards, which are as necessary as in other cities of India, could be afforded only by the privileged wealthy citizens.
Poor people had courtyards, squeezed from all sides by stone walls and covered with stone slabs, like a rectangular or square well.
There is a three-part division of living space in a traditional 30 X 40 House Plans Indian Style. In this case, a pyramidal-tiered or stepped structure of a residential building is formed, in which the functions of “chowk” is performed by an open terrace – platform on the site of a ledge on the upper floors. Loggia plays an unchanged role of a shelter from sun and rain. It is often replaced by a bay window hanging over the lower floor (jaroka) with openings, tightened through the lattice “jali” – a perforated stone screen with decorative patterns.
The number of yards, terraces, pavilions and other premises, the wealth of building material and decoration depend on the social status and material security of the owner of the dwelling. The extreme poles are Maharaja Palace and a poor man’s hut. However, the climate and physiological needs of a people are constant: the layout and design of a house in a hot climate should provide insulation from the heat and overheating of rooms during the day and at night and provide its rapid cooling and ventilation.
The courtyard in a traditional Indian dwelling is usually paved with stone or brick or has a rammed earthen surface with rare plants – one or two trees casting a shadow. A pond or a well is almost an invariable part of the courtyard.