If you decide to engage in planning your garden, you will need to know the basic principles of landscape design. This does not mean that you have to apply all the principles for each part of your plan, but just understanding these principles will help you generate ideas and increase your creativity level.
Garden integrity (harmony) should be one of your main goals in your design. It may be better disclosed in the application sequence and the repetition of elements, such as plants, plant groups, and other decorations. The integrity can be achieved by the sequence of elements characteristics in the composition: height, size, texture, color schemes, etc.
A good example would be the use of boulders. It is undesirable to use in the composition one large white round-shaped boulder, another large red square-shaped one etc. It is not possible to establish the unity of the composition by the use of these materials group. This is only one example, but the principle applies to all other elements, such as a group of plants and materials. A simple way to create harmony in your landscape is the creation of themes. And one of the easiest ways to create a theme is to use the garden decor. For example: if you want to create a theme of butterflies, you can use plants that attract butterflies, as well as using statues, ornaments and other decor that are related to butterflies. You can use the color scheme to create harmony. Choose two or three colors and repeat them in the garden.
The use of bright colors, such as red, yellow, orange is creating coziness, warmness and attracts us to the garden. The use of cool colors: blue, dark blue removes an object from us. Grey, black, white are considered neutral colors, and it is better to use them in the background with bright colors in the foreground. Also, to increase the depth of the garden, you can use dark texture in the foreground and light colored plants in the background.
Colors can be used to draw your attention to a particular area of the garden. The bright spot among cold colors naturally attracts the eye. Natural transitions should be used to avoid sudden changes or differences in your landscape. This can be best illustrated with the help of plant or color height, but the same rule can be used for all elements of a landscape, including texture, shape or size of leaves and the shape and size of the various elements. In other words, the transition can be achieved through a gradual, ascending or descending design of different elements with different textures, shapes, colors and sizes.
Transition is one of the landscape design principles that can be used to create the “illusion” in the gardens. For example, the transition from high to low plants gives a sense of depth and distance that makes the garden more than it actually is. A transition from low to high plants produces the opposite effect.
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